|John Henry Cardinal Newman|
Such a pursuit of the whole or of the unity of things is shown in the mystical writings of all the great religious traditions, and indeed of other non-denominational mystical souls over the course of the millennia humankind has lived in civilization. It can, of course, be said that this mystical desire, which is expressed in more religious terms above, mirrors a inner process within the psyche of the human animal, that is, the development of the Self (the psychological analogue to the notion of God), the process of Individuation (Jung), self-realization (Eastern religions and Popular Psychology), Self-Actualization (Abraham Maslow and others), and the process of Self-Integration (Storr and R.D. Laing). There are, of course, other expressions for this spiritual-psychological quest, which, for me, is metaphorically exressed as the desire for God.
|Plato on the left and Aristotle on the right|
Anyway the myth with which Storr begins is again from from Plato. This time it is taken from The Symposium, and therein we read the following quotation in the mouth of one of the characters called Aristophanes: "Love is simply the name for the desire and pursuit of the whole" which Plato had illustrated by the myth of creation of human beings, who were so arrogant after their fornation that the king of the gods, Zeus, decided to split them in two. Thereafter these creatures were incomplete and were consequently destined to search for their completion or fulfilment or wholeness in their natural "other half."